ACC 291 Week 4 Individual Study Guide Accounting Problems –
TUTORIAL: Includes solutions to accounting problems.
Individual Assignment: Accounting Problems
Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false.
• The corporation is an entity separate and distinct from its owners.
• The liability of stockholders is normally limited to their investment in the corporation.
• The relative lack of government regulation is an advantage of the corporate form of business.
• There is no journal entry to record the authorization of capital stock.
• No-par value stock is quite rare today.
Before preparing financial statements for the current year, the chief accountant for Springer Company discovered the following errors in the accounts.
The declaration and payment of $50,000 cash dividend was recorded as a debit to Interest Expense $50,000 and a credit to Cash $50,000.
A 10% stock dividend (1,000 shares) was declared on the $10 par value stock when the market value per share was $16. The only entry made was: Retained Earnings (Dr.) $10,000 and Dividend Payable (Cr.) $10,000. The shares have not been issued.
A 4-for-1 stock split involving the issue of 400,000 shares of $5 par value common stock for 100,000 shares of $20 par value common stock was recorded as a debit to Retained Earnings $2,000,000 and a credit to Common Stock $2,000,000.
Prepare the correcting entries at December 31
The following stockholders’ equity accounts arranged alphabetically are in the ledger of McGrath Corporation at December 31, 2011.
Common Stock ($10 stated value) $1,500,000
Paid-in Capital from Treasury Stock 6,000
Paid-in Capital in Excess of Stated Value-Common Stock 690,000
Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par Value-Preferred Stock 288,400
Preferred Stock (8%, $100 par, noncumulative) 400,000
Retained Earnings 776,000
Treasury Stock-Common (8,000 shares) 88,000
Complete the stockholders’ equity section at December 31, 2011.
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